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History - Rescue of Allied airmen

History - Rescue of Allied airmen

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Datum izida:5/29/2014 10:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:Rescue of Allied airmen
Tisk:SIA Baltijas Banknote, Latvia
Izvedba:4-colour offset
Papir:Chancellor litho PVA gum FSC, 102 g/m2
Velikost:
Zobčanje:Comb 13 1/4 : 13 1/4
Ilustracija:Matjaž Učakar
Fotografija:
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History - Rescue of Allied airmen

<i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p align="left">In late 1943 the British and American Allies seized a major part of southern Italy and set up an air base in Foggia, from where their planes would take off and attack German industrial centres, communications and other structures. The majority of planes crossed Slovenian territory when flying out on attack missions and returning.</p><p align="left">&#160;</p><p align="left">Between 19 and 25 February 1944, 518 bombers and 652 fighters flew out on attack missions, of which nine bombers and one fighter crashed in Slovenia on their way back to Foggia. Out of approximately 90 airmen, the Partisans rescued 22 men, while 13 were captured by the Slovenian Home Guard and Chetniks, who tied them up and turned them over to the German SS units and the Police following the orders of the Slovenian Home Guard commander, Lt. Colonel Franc Krener.</p><p align="left">&#160;</p><p align="left">In a fierce air battle which took place on 19 March 1944, the Allies lost 16 bombers and the German Luftwaffe lost 30 fighters over Slovenia. In the air battles from mid-March to mid-April 1944, approximately 25 Allied planes were forced to land in Slovenia. Around 80 men were rescued by the Partisans and around 120 were captured by the German forces and the Slovenian Home Guard. In total, 42 were killed in action and 5 were badly injured and taken to a Partisan hospital. In April 1944, the Partisans transported more than 70 U.S. airmen from White Carniola, Slovenia, to the airfield in Bosanski Petrovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Even as late as April 1945, the German enemy shot down three bombers and four fighters over Slovenia. In a year and a half of air battles, a total of 207 Allied planes crashed in what is now Slovenia, Croatia, Austria and Italy. The Slovenian Partisans and patriots rescued 667 airmen from these planes.</p><p align="left">&#160;</p><p>Janez Kos</p></i></font></font>