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Birds of Slovenia

Birds of Slovenia

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Datum izida:5/29/2014 10:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:Eurasian crag martin, Common merganser, Lesser Kestrel, Ural owl, Great bittern
Tisk:Poštovní tiskárna cenin, Praha, Czech Republic
Izvedba:4-colour offset
Papir:100 g/m2 self-adhesive
Velikost:
Zobčanje:serpentine die cut
Ilustracija:Matjaž Učakar
Fotografija:
Pošta:
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Birds of Slovenia

<span lang="S"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The great bittern <font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic"><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic">(Botaurus stellaris)</p></font></font><i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The great bittern is a relatively large representative of the heron family, measuring 70–80 cm in length (from beak to tail). It lives in reed beds, where it mainly feeds on amphibians and fish. With its colour it can blend in perfectly with its surroundings and so it is mostly heard rather than seen. It rarely flies but, when it does, it looks like a big owl or a young black-crowned night heron, which is of a similar colour. If the water does not freeze over, great bitterns stay in Slovenia the whole year round. They build their nests on the ground, using reeds and twigs. They lay three to four eggs, and raise one to two broods a year.</p><p dir="ltr" align="left">&#160;</p><p dir="ltr" align="left"></p></font></font><b><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The common merganser </i></font></font><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic"><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic">(Mergus merganser)</p></b></font></font><i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">Being 57–69 cm long, the common merganser is the largest of the three merganser species in the duck family that can be found in Slovenia. They live in forested areas along slow running and clean rivers and lakes. They are excellent divers and can easily hold on to their prey (i.e. fish) with their serrated bill. It builds its nest in tree cavities or holes on the banks of rivers and lakes. The female lays up to 14 eggs once a year. Common mergansers stay in Slovenia throughout the year, but only few of them nest there. </p><p dir="ltr" align="left">&#160;</p><p dir="ltr" align="left"></p></font></font><b><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The lesser kestrel </i></font></font><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic"><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic">(Falco naumanni)</p></b></font></font><i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The lesser kestrel is a representative of the falcon family. It is 29–32 cm long and so slightly smaller than the common kestrel, commonly found in Slovenia. It prefers open habitats, but also lives near human settlements. It is a sociable species that likes to nest together, in holes in rocks and large old buildings. It lays four to five eggs and raises one brood. It feeds on various insects, especially mole crickets. It migrates in autumn. Unfortunately, the lesser kestrel has become extinct as a nesting bird in Slovenia and can only be seen when flying through. </p><p dir="ltr" align="left">&#160;</p><p dir="ltr" align="left"></p></font></font><b><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The Ural owl </i></font></font><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic"><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic">(Strix uralensis)</p></b></font></font><i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">Measuring 60–62 cm in length, the Ural owl is one of the largest representatives of the family of typical owls in Slovenia, and stays here throughout the year. It occupies old woodlands and nests in hollow tree trunks, tree stumps, old raptor nests and nest boxes. It has one brood and lays one to six eggs, depending on the food available (i.e. small mammals, birds, frogs and insects). It is especially active at sunset and just before sunrise, but also during the day when it needs to catch food for its young. Ural owls are distributed locally in Slovenia, as are the woodlands appropriate for them.</p><p dir="ltr" align="left">&#160;</p><p dir="ltr" align="left"></p></font></font><b><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BoldItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The Eurasian crag martin </i></font></font><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic"><font lang="JA" size="1" face="ApexNew-Bold,MS Gothic">(Hirundo rupestris)</p></b></font></font><i><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><font size="1" face="ApexNew-BookItalic"><p dir="ltr" align="left">The Eurasian crag martin is 14–15 cm long and thus a fairly large representative of the swallow family. Among swallows, it is the most rarely seen, and occupies sheltered cliffs, under which there is sufficient vegetation and water. It builds a nest under an overhang on a rock cliff face, which protects it from rain. The nest is similar to that of a barn swallow. It lays four to five eggs and raises one brood. Usually there’s another pair or two nesting nearby. It is a rare nesting bird in Slovenia, limited to the western and northeastern part of the country. It belongs to the summer species, but it is the only swallow that can also be seen in winter in certain warmer or southern parts of Slovenia.</p><p dir="ltr" align="left">&#160;</p><p dir="ltr" align="left"></p><p dir="ltr" align="left">Janez Gregori</p></i></font></font></span>