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The Blockade of Ljubljana – Barbed Wire

The Blockade of Ljubljana – Barbed Wire

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Datum izida:1/26/2012 11:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:The Blockade of Ljubljana – Barbed Wire
Tisk:AS VABA MAA; Estonia
Izvedba:4-colour offset in miniature sheet of 1 stamp
Papir:Senator Natral Litho PVA Gummed 96 g/m2 gummed
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Zobčanje:Harrow 14 1/4 : 13 3/4
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The Blockade of Ljubljana – Barbed Wire

<p>The war had already been raging for a year and a half in Europe when in April 1941 Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy attacked our homeland, occupied it and partitioned it. When the Italian occupying forces realised that Ljubljana was the centre of the resistance movement, they drew up a plan to separate the city from the other areas of occupied Slovenia and in this way frustrate the liberation movement.</p><p>&#160;</p><p>In late January 1942 they began to enclose Ljubljana behind a barrier of barbed wire. A wire fence almost two metres high was strung around the city and several fortifications and guardhouses were built. To begin with the fence was 18 kilometres long, but by the end of May they had built it around the entire city. From that point on people were prohibited from leaving the city. Only individuals in possession of special permits were allowed to enter and leave the city, through one of 11 checkpoints on the main roads. The occupying forces announced that anyone trying to cross the fence illegally would be shot – with a single warning by day and without warning by night.</p><p>&#160;</p><p>Ljubljana was destined to remain an enormous enclosed camp until it was liberated on 9 May 1945. Only then was the wire removed and the bunkers demolished – symbols of people's suffering and resistance and their fight for freedom.</p><p>&#160;</p><p>The wire fence was replaced by trees, which today surround the city like a green ring.</p><p>Today the line of the fence has become the Path of Memories and Comradeship, a unique historical monument<br>which is at the same time a monument of landscaped nature and Ljubljana's largest green recreation area. A popular event known as the &quot;March along the Wire&quot; is held ever year on Liberation Day.</p><p>&#160;</p><p>Nuša Kerševan, president of the Green Ring Society</p><p>&#160;</p>