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Fauna - Horses (Lipizzan)

Fauna - Horses (Lipizzan)

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Datum izida:5/20/1999 10:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:Lipizzan
Tisk:DELO - TISKARNA d. d., Ljubljana
Izvedba:4-colour offset
Papir:Chancellor oba free L.S.PVA GMD 102g, gummed
Velikost:
Zobčanje:comb
Ilustracija:Matjaž Učakar
Fotografija:
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Fauna - Horses (Lipizzan)

<b>HORSES</b><p>The horse family (Equidae) belongs to the herbivorous mammals, odd-toed ungulates. The ancestor of the horse - Eohippus was a forest animal about the size of a fox. A 40 million year-long evolution caused by the change of the natural habitat and feeding habits resulted in the modern horse. Out of the many species and subspecies of horse descendants, only the genus Equus - to which besides the horse (Equus caballus) also belong the donkey, the wild ass and the zebra - has been preserved. <br>Man began to domesticate horses about 6,000 years ago. Domestic horses are classified into thoroughbred, warm-blooded and cold-blooded horses, and ponies. Purebred horses, which are particularly famed for their nobleness, elegance and very often also for their lively temperament have contributed considerably to the development of numerous modern breeds of warm-blooded horses. Cold-blooded horses differ from the warm-blooded ones in weight and build&#58; they weigh more and are more stocky. In addition, they are more heavily built, stronger, endurable and have usually better developed protective coat.<br>Today's modern breeds (about 250) have been mostly bred with the crossbreeding of purebred horses with the light native horses. In certain areas some breeds have a very long breeding tradition and they also bear their name.<p><b>Lipizann (or Lipizzaner)</b><br>These purebred horses were bred by the Lipica stud (the name Lipizzan/Lipizzaner came from the Lipica stud farm), established by Archduke Charles in 1580 for the needs of the studs in Graz. By crossbreeding Spanish, Neapolitan, Arab and other stallions with the mares of the local Karst stock, a medium-size, sturdy and long horse famed for its extreme endurance and versatility (it is used as a working horse for agricultural jobs, riding and carriage horse) was developed. Born chesnut, fox-couloured or mouse-grey, foals turn white at a later stage. They are eminently suitable for training and belong to the most elegant riding and carriage horses in the world. Lipizzans are bred by private breeders around the world. In addition, there are also some traditional studs outside Slovenia. Foals born in Lipica are branded with the letter L on the left cheek-bone.<p>Bojan Bračic, M.Sc.<br>Borut Trapečar, D.V.M.<br>