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Fauna - Horses (Slovene warm-blooded horse)

Fauna - Horses (Slovene warm-blooded horse)

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Datum izida:5/20/1999 10:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:Slovene warm-blooded horse
Tisk:DELO - TISKARNA d. d., Ljubljana
Izvedba:4-colour offset
Papir:Chancellor oba free L.S.PVA GMD 102g, gummed
Velikost:
Zobčanje:comb
Ilustracija:Matjaž Učakar
Fotografija:
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Fauna - Horses (Slovene warm-blooded horse)

<b>HORSES</b><p>The horse family (Equidae) belongs to the herbivorous mammals, odd-toed ungulates. The ancestor of the horse - Eohippus was a forest animal about the size of a fox. A 40 million year-long evolution caused by the change of the natural habitat and feeding habits resulted in the modern horse. Out of the many species and subspecies of horse descendants, only the genus Equus - to which besides the horse (Equus caballus) also belong the donkey, the wild ass and the zebra - has been preserved. <br>Man began to domesticate horses about 6,000 years ago. Domestic horses are classified into thoroughbred, warm-blooded and cold-blooded horses, and ponies. Purebred horses, which are particularly famed for their nobleness, elegance and very often also for their lively temperament have contributed considerably to the development of numerous modern breeds of warm-blooded horses. Cold-blooded horses differ from the warm-blooded ones in weight and build&#58; they weigh more and are more stocky. In addition, they are more heavily built, stronger, endurable and have usually better developed protective coat.<br>Today's modern breeds (about 250) have been mostly bred with the crossbreeding of purebred horses with the light native horses. In certain areas some breeds have a very long breeding tradition and they also bear their name.<p><b>Slovene Warm-blooded Horse</b><br>With the development of agricultural mechanisation, the role of the horse in human life changed from that of a partner in work to a modern man's friend in recreation and sport. Thus in the last decade many mares of warm-blooded breeds were imported to Slovenia. Paired with purebred stallions of German warm-blooded breeds (mostly Hanoverian and Holsteiner) and English purebred breeds their foals are branded and included in studbooks of Slovenian warm-blooded horses to record bloodlines of the breed that is in the process of being developed. Slovene warm-blooded horses are bred as sporting horses for recreational and cross-country riding, steeplechasing, other kinds of equestrian sports and as carriage horses.<p>Bojan Bračic, M.Sc.<br>Borut Trapečar, D.V.M.<br>