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Fauna - Horses (Ljutomer trotter)

Fauna - Horses (Ljutomer trotter)

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Datum izida:5/20/1999 10:00:00 PM
Oblikovanje:Matjaž Učakar
Motiv:Ljutomer trotter
Tisk:DELO - TISKARNA d. d., Ljubljana
Izvedba:4-colour offset
Papir:Chancellor oba free L.S.PVA GMD 102g, gummed
Velikost:
Zobčanje:comb
Ilustracija:Matjaž Učakar
Fotografija:
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Fauna - Horses (Ljutomer trotter)

<b>HORSES</b><p>The horse family (Equidae) belongs to the herbivorous mammals, odd-toed ungulates. The ancestor of the horse - Eohippus was a forest animal about the size of a fox. A 40 million year-long evolution caused by the change of the natural habitat and feeding habits resulted in the modern horse. Out of the many species and subspecies of horse descendants, only the genus Equus - to which besides the horse (Equus caballus) also belong the donkey, the wild ass and the zebra - has been preserved. <br>Man began to domesticate horses about 6,000 years ago. Domestic horses are classified into thoroughbred, warm-blooded and cold-blooded horses, and ponies. Purebred horses, which are particularly famed for their nobleness, elegance and very often also for their lively temperament have contributed considerably to the development of numerous modern breeds of warm-blooded horses. Cold-blooded horses differ from the warm-blooded ones in weight and build&#58; they weigh more and are more stocky. In addition, they are more heavily built, stronger, endurable and have usually better developed protective coat.<br>Today's modern breeds (about 250) have been mostly bred with the crossbreeding of purebred horses with the light native horses. In certain areas some breeds have a very long breeding tradition and they also bear their name.<p><b>Ljutomer Trotter</b><br>The light horse breed from the Ljutomer area, where its breeding began as early as in 1884. Only a year later the Trotting Society for the organisation of harness races, which were organised on the road between Krizevci and Ljutomer, was established. In 1892 they began to race on elliptic 1,082-metre- long track on Cven. The first trotting stallions used to replenish the local mares were Norfolk and Orlov Trotters. Today the Ljutomer Trotters have a lot of American Trotter's blood. The particularity of the Ljutomer Trotters is that until 1960 they had not only been used as harness racing horses but also as working horses in agriculture. Today this is mostly a sporting horse. Harnessed to a sulky, two-wheeled cart with a driver, it can achieve high speed in short distances. Besides Ljutomer it is also bred in Maribor, Komenda, Šentjernej and Ljubljana.<p>Bojan Bračic, M.Sc.<br>Borut Trapečar, D.V.M.<br>